Marine Life Boat
Life boat is set on the ship to maintain personnel in distress. Mainly used when ship distress, personnel self rescue or special rescue personnel in distress at sea. In the boat seat under board with air box, in order to ensure that the boat is fully filled with water will not sink. The boat equipped with propulsion equipment , food, drinking water, emergency medicine, communication equipment , sail, oar, pole and so on. Length over 5m, the use of paddle, sail or propulsion thruster, the crew over 60 is motor boats.
Ship lifeboat must be landed the water in 30 minutes under normal weather conditions. Ship even in adverse longitudinal tilt or any shipboard heeling 15 degrees can also landed safely. The lifeboat has good floatability, stability and seakeeping performance.
Life boat should have natural buoyancy, or buoyancy material which is not affected by the adverse factors such as sea water, crude oil or petroleum products. When the boat in water immersion and leaky sea, still can full capacity floating.
Life Boat Select
According to the 1983 amendments to the 1974 the SOLAS Convention, to engage in non short international voyages passenger ships, fish processing ship etc: should equip not less than 50% of the total number of persons on board lifeboat, the competent authority may be permitted to use same capacity raft to replace lifeboat in each port and starboard, but each side should be equipped with adequate to accommodate no less than 37.5% of the total number of persons on board lifeboat; passenger ships of 500 gross tonnage and above should be on each side, with at least 1 rescue boat.
Cargo ship: in addition to the above requirements, each vessel shall be equipped with at least 1 rescue boats. If the lifeboat meets the requirements of the rescue boat, the boat is allowed to be used as a rescue boat. The length of 85 meters below cargo raft on each side with a total capacity of 100%, the total number of persons on board. If the life raft can not be quickly transport to any shipboard landing in the water, it should be equipped with additional life raft, on each side of the total available capacity can accommodate up to 150% of the total number of persons on board.
Life Boat Classification
According to the structure can be divided into open lifeboat (crew set in more than 60 people should motor lifeboat), half enclosed lifeboats and fully enclosed lifeboats. According to different equipment and function can be divided into ordinary type lifeboat (the LSA rules called totally enclosed lifeboats), fire resistant lifeboat, with air support system lifeboat and free fall lifeboat. All the crew of the lifeboat shall not be more than 150.
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